If water didn’t naturally recycle itself and distribute freshwater all over the earth’s surface, we would run out of clean water, which is essential to life. Because of this cycle, water always exists in all three of those places, as well in many forms. And so they fall back down to Earth as rain, snow, hail or sleet, a process known as “precipitation“. This water enters into the process of transpiration. These formations are also known as ‘aquifers’ and explain why sometimes the ground underneath the topsoil is damp or sodden. The water cycle continually feeds freshwater to all life on the planet: humans, animals and plants. Causes, Effects and Solutions to Urban Sprawl (Migration of a Population), Causes, Effects and Solutions of Groundwater Depletion, 5. There are 4 main stages involved in the water cycle, i.e., evaporation, condensation, precipitation and runoff. Listed below are different stages of the water cycle. Water is essential for life as we know it. The water cycle (or hydrological cycle) is the cycle that water goes through on Earth. Runoff is the process where water runs over the surface of earth. Runoff contributes to rivers, other freshwater bodies, and eventually, the ocean, sustaining freshwater and marine life. As water undergoes infiltration, the ground purifies it of pollutants and contaminants. Some organisms are very sensitive to changes in the water cycle. Water vapor rises up in the sky due to the sun’s heat. The cycle of water never ends, which is why the oceans stay level, there are always clouds somewhere in the sky, and drinkable water doesn’t suddenly just run out. Should the water be located near a volcano or any source of natural thermal energy, it will form a hot spring. As water evaporates it reduces the temperature of the bodies. (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? When more snow falls than evaporates or sublimates, the ice will compact densely to form what is known as ‘ice caps.’ The ice caps and glaciers located in the coldest regions of the world are the biggest collections of ice in the world, and are slowly starting to shrink as the water in which they sit is becoming warmer. Condensation is the process of water turning from a gas into a liquid.. You have probably experienced condensation if you have had a cold glass of water at a restaurant. The water cycle shows how water is exchanged through the Earth’s land, ocean, and atmosphere. The water cycle starts with evaporation. The vapor becomes a cloud, which is pushed around the world by moving air currents and winds. The clouds (condensed water vapors) then pour down as precipitation due to wind or temperature change. When too much water has condensed, the water droplets in the clouds become too big and heavy for the air to hold them. Some of the highest peaks on the earth, such as Mount Everest, have all of the necessary components for sublimation, namely: strong sunlight, low temperatures, low air pressure, strong wind, and low humidity. Hence water enters lithosphere. Sublimation is a rather slower process than evaporation. Sublimation is a process where ice directly converts into water vapors without converting into liquid water. As the water pours down (in whatever form), it leads to runoff. Although usually a smaller number of steps are mentioned, there are about 15 steps or components in the water cycle: 1. It is present throughout the Solar System, and was part of the Earth from its formation. 1. It changes weather and creates rain. When the sun shines, the water from the ocean or lake evaporates due to heat from the sun. The water cycle is also known as the “hydrologic cycle“. It provides life, eases out heat, drains harmful substances and mediates many day-to-day works. When water evaporates off of a plant’s leaves, the process is known as ‘evapotranspiration.’ A large percentage of the water in the atmosphere is produced by this process due to the large areas covered by plants and trees across the planet. It … Let’s have a look at different states and the importance of the water cycle. All life is dependent upon water. Transpiration is a process similar to evaporation where liquid water is turned into water vapor by the plants. It helps in conversion of rocks to soil. Water bodies like the oceans, the seas, the lakes and the river bodies are the main source of evaporation. The water vapor that has risen into the sky cools significantly when it comes into contact with the cooler air found up high. There are many steps in the water cycle including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, sublimation, infiltration and percolation. Water Cycle Step #2: Water condenses to form clouds. When the water falls back down to the Earth, they find their way on the ground surface into puddles, streams and rivers. The waterfalls according to the incline of the place from which it is falling, and when several threads of water meet, they form a stream. In ecology and Earth science, a biogeochemical cycle or substance turnover or cycling of substances is a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) compartments of Earth. It covers 70% of the earth’s surface. Water also precipices in the form of drizzle, sleet and hail. It is called pure water and is drinkable. Step 2 Glaciers, ice, and snow can act as stores of freshwater for both humans and other organisms. Water Cycle: Component # 4. This process is called ‘precipitation’, or – more commonly – rainfall. Plants wouldn’t grow without precipitation and therefore anything consuming the plants wouldn’t survive and so forth.The water cycle process sustains life and creates the ecosystems around us. If the temperature is very low (below 0 degrees), the water droplets fall as snow. The three major water cycle steps are evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. Water absorbs heat energy from the sun and turns into vapors. These tiny droplets will start to fall into one another and merge, producing a larger droplet. The water cycle has many effects: it regulates the temperature of the surroundings. The water cycle has many effects: it regulates the temperature of the surroundings. It is a process where water at the surface turns into water vapors. So, how does this cycle works? Narrated Animation Of Global Hydrological Cycle, Drinking Water & Ground Water Kids' Stuff. Water is found in lakes, oceans, swamps, and soil, as well as in all living creatures and plants. When the sun shines, the water from the ocean or lake evaporates due to heat from the sun. Water is the basic element of nature. The Steps to the Water Cycle. When water evaporates, the pollutants and sediments in it are left behind. A prolonged drought can destroy a population of plants or a certain salamander species may require a set amount of soil saturation in order to avoid desiccation. Water changes its state through a variety of processes from evaporation, melting and freezing, to sublimation, condensation, and deposition. These include calcium, carbon, hydrogen, mercury, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, selenium, and sulfur, molecular cycles for water and silica. (And How To Keep Them Away). Apart from evaporation, sublimation also contributes to water vapors in the air. This evaporated water is in the form of water vapor, which cannot be seen with naked eyes. This is the first step which provides enough water to power hydrologic cycle. These particles come close together and form clouds and fogs in the sky. These water droplets fall down as rain. Water is also evaporated through plants and soil through a process called transpiration. This happens in a cyclical manner, with no beginning or end. It moves deep into the soil. It heats up the water in seas, rivers, lakes and glaciers, which evaporates and rises up in the atmosphere. If precipitation occurs in conditions that are particularly cold or have very low air pressure, then these water droplets can quite often crystallize and freeze. When heat is applied from the sun, through exertion, or by artificial means, the water molecules become excited and spread out. Also when the air cannot hold any more water, it precipitates. The water cycle patterns and rainfall have major effects on Earth’s ecosystems. This process is called condensation. At some point, any water that has infiltrated will be released, any that has joined the ocean will evaporate, and even a large portion of the ice caps may melt, releasing water that has been stored for millions of years back into the water cycle with potentially cataclysmic effects. Hence it is quite important to understand and learn the processes of the water cycle. Or if water is in rocks or crust as groundwater, it could take hundreds or thousands of years. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), What is the Hydrologic Cycle and Steps of the Hydrologic Cycle, Top 15 Unbelievable Reasons That Prove Global Warming Might be a Hoax. As water vaporizes into water vapor, it rises up in the atmosphere. Again this water will evaporate, and the whole cycle will start again. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. In order, the steps of the water cycle are evaporation, condensation, sublimation, precipitation, transpiration, runoff and infiltration.