Step 5 : Evaluation of the action programme. A description is provided on the major steps involved in the entire process of Action Research and the relative advantages of using this approach as an OD intervention. Module &2: Steps of Action Research ... Action Research in Education is basically a research-oriented activity undertaken by educational practitioners to solve their real/practical problems faced during day-to-day teaching through a systematic and scientific process. Step 4 : Action programme. —Bill Torbert or off shoots. (Lewin, 1947) (Lewin, 1947) Action research is a process by which practitioners attempt to study their problems scientifically in order to guide, correct, and evaluate their decisions and action. It ends with the reporting of the research findings. Action research in more detail. The research process begins when the investigation starts. Step 2 : listing of the probable causes. Introducing the Three Steps of Action Research 7 Knowledge is always gained through action and for action. Steps in action research The main steps involved in carrying out action research may be followed as below, Step I : Identification and specification of the problem. Action research is a philosophy and methodology of research generally applied in the social sciences. I regard action research as a methodology which is intended to have both action outcomes and research outcomes. In this post, I do describe conspicuously the research process outline and steps in order to provide the complete guidelines on … A researcher goes through the entire process while conducting research. It seeks transformative change through the simultaneous process of taking action and doing research, which are linked together by critical reflection. Step 3 : Analysis of the probable causes and foundation of action hypotheses. Action research is a three-step spiral process of (1) planning which involves fact-finding, (2) taking action, and (3) fact-finding about the results of the action. Research Process involves a number of distinct steps in research work. The action is primary. This article identifies various reasons for using Action Research Model as a necessary Organizational Development Intervention for facilitating organizational change successfully. Kurt Lewin, then a professor at MIT, first coined the term "action research" in 1944. I recognise, too, that in some action research the research component mostly takes the form of understanding on the part of those involved. From this starting point, to question the validity of social knowledge is to question, not how to develop a reﬂ ective science about action, but how to develop genuinely well-informed action—how to conduct an action science.