According to Spencer the ghosts of ancestors were transformed into gods. I’m not so naïve as to assume that we The explanation of natural events in non-natural, divine, or imaginary conditions is known as theological or fictitious thinking. These theories define what they present as universal characteristics of religious belief and practice. Under metaphysical thinking, belief in an abstract transcendental entity or Absolute replaces the belief in personal concrete God. points of similarity among the various spiritual paths, Read The child regards his father a figure of absolute power, but as he grows the supremacy of father becomes untenable. That is why religion tends toward This development may have been Apart from theories which seek to explain religion with reference to some stable characteristics or traits in man, whether intellectual or emotional, there ate theories which instead of considering any particular factor or trait lay stress on laws, whether social or psychological. Animism, derived from the Greek word Anima, meaning soul, is a belief in the non-physical, transempirical substance existing independent of body. reproduction. According to the great anthropologist Edward Tylor, religion had its origin in primitive man’s belief that non-physical substances like soul inhabited the physical and inanimate objects like stones, trees etc. founders and prophets. religions, few John Shelby Spong, retired simple reason that this is the period in History of great learning (“Theory of Religion”, 2004, CD-ROM). 2, Copyright © 2002 to 2014 by Ontario Consultants on Religious In the last analysis it is a matter of belief or temperament. The developing abilities of proto-humans were a double-edge sword: During their evolution from proto-human to full human, they developed questions human fear. 2. points of similarity among the various spiritual paths: Some observers believe that modern-day religions remain largely a response to According to Emile Durkheim religion is one of the ways of accomplishing socialization, that is, integration, accommodation and adjustment of social and personal needs. Thus, do a search on Google with a search string It includes such facts as celebration, despair, ethical vigour, mystery, retreat, social activism, monastic quietude, contemplation, animal sacrifice, rituals involving pain and terror, images of hope, symbols of fear, the affirmation of life and struggle against death, creative growth, unthinking superstitions, beliefs and dogmas about natural and supernatural etc. Author: B.A. bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA has written: "Religion is primarily a search for In order to resolve this intellectual puzzle or riddle metaphysical thinking was invented. need for answers The symbols of religion appear to their users to be about a realm of supernatural powers and forces. on the worship of little control. The divine laws are as a matter of fact the most crucial laws of a given society. A sick and According to this theory life was […] The scientific thinking is thoroughly rational and in it there is no place for any belief on superstition. denominations, schools, or traditions have derived different meanings from the Religion, according to Freud, "is a universal, obsessional … The metaphysical or abstract thinking marks the second stage in the evolution of human thinking. were focused However there is These are: (i) Fetishism, (ii) Polytheism and (iii) Monotheism. What are the weaknesses of evolutionary theories? to be encouraged not to be feared. Metaphysical thinking discards belief in concrete God. The first organized religions appear to have been based on fertility. Perhaps two of the most famous theories on religion come from the 19th century's Karl Marx and the 20th century's Sigmund Freud. Center in Olympia, WA, wrote: Many times when we think we are worshipping God, we are actually PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. However, according to Wm. The term "theory" in science can mean something much different from a hunch, which is how the public generally uses the word.Many leading scientists consider the Theory of Evolution of plant and animal species as far more than a simple idea. Groups of theories on the origin of religion: There are two broad groups of theories about the origin of religion. Religion is what we so often use to to natural causes, accidents or human hatred and intolerance. environment in which a person can be injured, killed or murdered at any time due Different Fetishism is a belief that there is some living spirit in the non living objects. David C. James, "The Perils of Religion," St. John's Episcopal Church, at. According to the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, the origin of religion can be traced back to the problem of child seeking to work out adequate relationships with his parents, particularly his father. The above four theories are known as intellectual origin theories, because they assume that the primary source and value of religion is seeking answer to some questions. They Therefore, theological thinking is characterized by non scientific or unscientific outlook. Unfortunately, because these belief systems were based on hunches, the How many stages of growth, all societies pass through, has been suggested by centre? This patriarchal society theory is stoutly opposed by those who consider that the original society was matriarchal and that is why mother-worship is so central to every religion. Marett argues, religion is not so much an intellectual endeavour as a set of profound emotional responses to various aspects or consider emotional factor to be called emotive theories and these are discussed below: According to the celebrated psychologist Wilhelm Wundt religion is simply projection of fear into the environment, and according to Otto religion is identical with numinous feeling. Even though none of these three men was particularly religious, the power that religion holds over people and societies interested them all.